- M.K.8
Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), and acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

- M.K.9
Solve addition and subtraction word problems and add and subtract within 10 by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

- M.K.10
Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).

- M.K.11
For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.

- M.K.12
Fluently add and subtract within 5.